4/7/2017: Safety Alert 03/17 – The dangers of counterfeit parts
Posted by LT Amy Midgett, Friday, April 7, 2017
The Office of Inspections and Compliance issued a safety alert to remind vessel owners, operators, and technical personnel to maintain situational awareness regarding suspect and counterfeit items and ensure policies and procedures are in place to identify them. This safety alert is provided for informational purposes only and does not relieve any domestic or international safety, operational, or material requirements. Developed by Coast Guard Marine Safety Detachment Fort Macon, the Investigations Division of Coast Guard Sector North Carolina and the Office of Investigations and Casualty Analysis.
During a recent investigation of a ferry propulsion failure, Coast Guard investigators discovered evidence of falsely identified fasteners being used as part of the drive train system. Several installed bolt heads separated from their shanks and, as a result, a splined hub coupling loosened and disconnected from the reduction gear / transmission. This then overstressed the stern tube seal, allowing water to leak into the engine room. Bolt heads generally include markings that indicate grade and manufacturer. The grade is associated with a bolt’s mechanical properties and composition. In this instance one fastener was marked with a manufacturer listed on the Department of Energy’s Suspect / Counterfeit Part Headmark List and not listed in the Department of Commerce’s Fastener Quality Act Register of Active Fastener Insignias.
Suspect / Counterfeit Items (S/CIs) are products represented as meeting specified manufacturing and quality requirements when, in fact, they do not. S/CIs have been a known problem to industry and the government since the early 1980s. This concern initially focused on fasteners and over time has been expanded to include many items, both electrical and mechanical. The Coast Guard is routinely made aware of various types of counterfeit equipment and products in the marine industry. Oftentimes, such items are lifesaving products and fire-fighting equipment, which represent an extreme hazard.
S/CIs can cause:
- Marine casualties causing extensive damage to equipment, vessels and the environment
- Unsafe conditions that put people at risk of injury or death
- Delays that impact vessel schedules and create additional operating costs
In some industries, falsified purchasing or identifying documentation has misled purchasers into accepting S/CIs that do not conform to specified requirements. Types of misrepresentation in documentation include:
- Product sources (counterfeits)
- Product records
- Markings as to class, type, or grade
- Labeling as to qualification or acceptance by testing / certifying organizations
- Used products misrepresented as new products.
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This blog is not a replacement or substitute for the formal posting of regulations and updates or existing processes for receiving formal feedback of the same. Links provided on this blog will direct the reader to official source documents, such as the Federal Register, Homeport and the Code of Federal Regulations. These documents remain the official source for regulatory information published by the Coast Guard.